BIOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE MATERIALS USED FOR PERIODONTAL REGENERATIVE PROCEDURES

Authors: Şt. Zănoagă, Sorina SOLOMON, Silvia Martu

Abstract:

The conventional periodontal therapy, either conservatory or surgical, usually supposes the instrumentation of a dento-gingival complex and
subsequently its injury. The consequence of these therapeutic procedures usually depends on the cellular and molecular events associated to the healing process of the wound. From this level, many of them are similar to those from other regions except the fact that here there is an interface mineralized tissue – epithelial-connective tissue
nexus. Among them, the periodontal repair was described in terms of new attachment, collagenic adhesion and repair through connective tissue, all these being variances of new connective tissue constituted on a root surface biologically compatible through procedures of debridement and detoxification. Still, the periodontal regeneration supposes the regeneration of superficial and profound periodontal tissues (cementum, desmodontium, alveolar bone). Under this context, the present article exposes the biological and clinical bases of these processes.

Keywords:
  • PERIODONTAL REGENERARION
  • REGENERATIVE PROCEDURES.
  • WOUND HEALING