Bronchial asthma is one of the most common pathologies of the chronic diseases of childhood, recording an ever-increasing frequency. The paper develops a control-type case study on the carious experience of 25 children suffering from bronchial asthma, comparatively with 25 healthy children. In both groups, the dmf-t/DMFT indices were calculated and the presence of Streptococcus mutans (SM) and Lactobacillus acidophillus (LA) in stimulated saliva, in concentrations with high cariogeneity risk, was determined.
Carious experience and the SM level in concentrations with cariogenic risk were statistically significant in children with bronchic asthma (p=0.02). The presence of LA in concentrations with cariogenic risk was also higher in these children, yet statistically insignificant, comparatively with the reference (p>0.05).
- bronchial asthma
- cariogenic bacteria