Publishing Ethics


The editorial office opposes the publication of any material suspected or confirmed to be obtained by unethical methods, without complying with the national and international codes of ethics in research. Otherwise, the article will be rejected.
The editorial office does nor support unethical practice in research and we promote the code of good practice in research. If the editorial office are aware of any illegal practices in research, they will make every effort to limit or abolish these practices, according to the law.
The editorial office is always willing to combat unethical research practices and will correct, clarify or withdraw from publication (if possible and not yet published), any paper that has been obtained using unethical ways in research, and will eventually recognize where appropriate, if it has published suspicious material. When needed, the journal will publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies. IJMD follows the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and the Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers.


The authors are exclusively responsible for the contents of their submissions, the validity of the experimental results and must make sure that they have permission from all involved parties to make the data public.
It is the responsibility of each author to ensure that papers submitted to the IJMD are written with ethical standards in mind, concerning plagiarism.
Please note that all submissions are thoroughly checked for plagiarism. Information on what constitutes plagiarism is provided below.


Plagiarism is defined as ‘submitting as one’s own work, irrespective of intent to deceive, that which derives in part or in its entirety from the work of others without due acknowledgement. It is both poor scholarship and a breach of academic integrity.

Examples of plagiarism include copying (using another person’s language and/or ideas as if they are one’s own), by:

  • quoting verbatim another person’s work without due acknowledgement of the source;
  • paraphrasing another person’s work by changing some of the words, or the order of the words, without due acknowledgement of the source;
  • using ideas taken from someone else without reference to the originator;
  • cutting and pasting from the Internet to make a pastiche of online sources;
  • submitting someone else’s work as part of one’s own without identifying clearly who did the work.

Plagiarism might also arise from colluding with another person who has not been declared or acknowledged (i.e. where collaboration is concealed or has been forbidden). Work should include a general acknowledgement where it has received substantial help, for example with the language and style of a piece of written work.

Plagiarism can occur in respect to all types of sources and media, including: • text, illustrations, musical quotations, mathematical derivations, computer code, etc.;

  • material downloaded from websites or drawn from manuscripts or other media;
  • published and unpublished material, including lectures, presentations and grey literature.

 International Jurnal of Medical Dentistry (IJMD) requires all authors and reviewers to declare any conflicts of interest that may be inherent in their submissions.

Conflict of interest for a given manuscript exists when a participant in the peer review and publication process – author, reviewer, or editor – has ties to activities that could inappropriately influence his or her judgment, whether or not judgment is in fact affected.

Financial relationships with industry, for example, through employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, expert testimony, either directly or through immediate family, are usually considered to be the most important conflicts of interest.

However, conflicts can occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships, academic competition, and intellectual passion. Public trust in the peer review process and the credibility of published articles depend in part on how well conflict of interest is handled during writing, peer review, and editorial decision making. Bias can often be identified and eliminated by careful attention to the scientific methods and conclusions of the work. Financial relationships and their effects are less easily detected than other conflicts of interest. Participants in peer review and publication should disclose their conflicting interests, and the

information should be made available so that others can judge their effects for themselves.

All authors need to declare any conflicts of interest and financial disclosures during the submission process and prior to publication as a mandatory requirement of the publication agreement.

 For Reviewers

Reviewed articles should be treated confidentially prior to their publication. The following situations are considered conflicts of interest and should be avoided:

  • Co-authoring publications with at least one of the authors in the past 3 years
  • Being colleagues within the same section/department or similar organisational unit in the past 3 years
  • Supervising/having supervised the doctoral work of the author (s) or being supervised/having been supervised by the author(s)
  • Receiving professional or personal benefit resulting from the review
  • Having a personal relationship (e.g. family, close friend) with the author(s)
  • Having a direct or indirect financial interest in the paper being reviewed
  • It is not considered a Conflict of Interest if the reviewers have worked together with the authors in a collaborative project or if they have co-organized an event. Every reviewer of Interantional Journal of Medical Dentistry must sign a declaration that include all the aspects above mentioned.

For authors

When submitting an manuscript, all authors must sign the CONFLICT OF INTEREST STATEMENT. 


When submmiting a manuscript, copyright transfer form should be sign by all authors.

Any rights to the published articles are automatically transferred to the journal, and the author assumes implicitly the obligation not to send for publication the same article or results to other journals, and any re-publishing, duplication or retrieval of the articles already published, will only be possible with express written consent.The access on the articles published in IJMD is free.


International Journal of Medical Dentistry uses the ‘Uniform Requirement for Manuscript Submitted to Biomedical Journals’ established by the International Committee of Instructions for authors.

Authors need to insure that patient confidentiality is protected at all times by removing all patient identifiable information from the articles and photographs submitted. Vulnerable individuals need to be protected at all times during the research, submission and publication process.

All original works written in English may be submitted for peer-review. All manuscripts must be accompanied by a statement signed by all authors, in which they assume responsibility for the originality, intellectual property rights and ethical implications of all work accepted for publication in the Journal of Romanian Medical Dentistry. The authors are solely responsible for obtaining the permission / copy rights to publish tables, figures or images form other journals, books or publications.

Informed Consent

Informed consent from patients is required when publishing identifiable, sensitive or private information. It is the author’s responsibility to gain written consent from patients and make it available to the Editorial Board or any other authorised legal bodies.

Experiments involving human and animal subjects

All experiments on human subjects require proof of approval by an authorised Ethics Committee and be aligned to the Helsinki Declaration (1975 / revised 2000). All experiments on animals require proof of compliance with institutional and national guidelines on the prevention of animal cruelty and good standards of veterinary care and practice in medical research. manager/file/5b44807ace5b3fca0954531e/CUP-Research-Publishing-Ethics-Guidelines-2019.pdf